New Zealand Quota Management System

Management
Country: 
New Zealand
Program Start Date: 
1986
Region: 
Oceania
Large Marine Ecosystem: 
New Zealand Shelf
Species Information
Common name Fish type Genus Species
Alfonsino Deepwater & Arctic Beryx decadactylus
Alfonsino Deepwater & Arctic Beryx splendens
Anchovy Finfish - Pelagic Engraulis australis
Arrow squid Molluscs (e.g., Clams & Squid) Nototodarus gouldi
Arrow squid Molluscs (e.g., Clams & Squid) Nototodarus sloanii
Barracouta Finfish - Reef Thyrsites atun
Bigeye tuna Finfish - Pelagic, Highly Migratory Species Thunnus obesus
Black cardinalfish Deepwater & Arctic Epigonus telescopus
Black oreo Deepwater & Arctic Allocyttus niger
Blue cod Finfish - Benthic, Demersal, Groundfish Parapercis colias
Blue mackerel Finfish - Pelagic Scomber australasicus
Blue moki Finfish - Reef Latridopsis ciliaris
Blue shark Chondrichthyes (e.g., Sharks & Rays) Prionace glauca
Blue warehou Finfish - Benthic, Demersal, Groundfish Seriolella brama
Bluenose Finfish - Benthic, Demersal, Groundfish Hyperoglyphe antarctica
Butterfish Finfish - Benthic, Demersal, Groundfish Odax pullus
Cockle Molluscs (e.g., Clams & Squid) Austrovenus stutchburyi
Dark ghost shark Chondrichthyes (e.g., Sharks & Rays) Hydrolagus novaezealandiae
Deepwater king clam Molluscs (e.g., Clams & Squid) Panopea smithae
Deepwater king clam Molluscs (e.g., Clams & Squid) Panopea zelandiea
Deepwater tuatua Molluscs (e.g., Clams & Squid) Paphies donacina
Dredge oysters Molluscs (e.g., Clams & Squid) Ostrea chilensis
Dredge oysters Molluscs (e.g., Clams & Squid) Ostrea lutaria
Eastern rock lobster Crustaceans (e.g., Lobster & Shrimp) Jasus verreauxi
Elephant fish Chondrichthyes (e.g., Sharks & Rays) Callorhinchus milii
Flatfish Finfish - Benthic, Demersal, Groundfish Colistium guntheri
Flatfish Finfish - Benthic, Demersal, Groundfish Colistium nudipinnis
Flatfish Finfish - Benthic, Demersal, Groundfish Pelotretis flavilatus
Flatfish Finfish - Benthic, Demersal, Groundfish Peltorhamphus novaezeelandiae
Flatfish Finfish - Benthic, Demersal, Groundfish Rhombosolea leporina
Flatfish Finfish - Benthic, Demersal, Groundfish Rhombosolea plebeia
Flatfish Finfish - Benthic, Demersal, Groundfish Rhombosolea retiaria
Flatfish Finfish - Benthic, Demersal, Groundfish Rhombosolea tapirina
Freshwater longfin eels Finfish - Benthic, Demersal, Groundfish, Freshwater & Diadromous Anguilla dieffenbachii
Freshwater shortfin eels Finfish - Benthic, Demersal, Groundfish, Freshwater & Diadromous Anguilla australis
Frilled venus shell Molluscs (e.g., Clams & Squid) Bassina yatei
Frostfish Finfish - Benthic, Demersal, Groundfish Lepidopus caudatus
Garfish Finfish - Pelagic Hyporhamphus ihi
Gemfish Finfish - Benthic, Demersal, Groundfish Rexea solandri
Giant spider crab Crustaceans (e.g., Lobster & Shrimp) Jacquinotia edwardsii
Green-lipped mussel Molluscs (e.g., Clams & Squid) Perna canaliculus
Grey mullet Freshwater & Diadromous Mugil cephalus
Hake Finfish - Benthic, Demersal, Groundfish Merluccius australis
Hapuku Finfish - Reef Polyprion oxygeneios
Hoki Finfish - Benthic, Demersal, Groundfish Macruronus novaezelandiae
Horse mussel Molluscs (e.g., Clams & Squid) Atrina zelandica
Jack mackerel Finfish - Pelagic Trachurus declivis
Jack mackerel Finfish - Pelagic Trachurus murphyi
Jack mackerel Finfish - Pelagic Trachurus novaezelandiae
Jackass morwong Finfish - Benthic, Demersal, Groundfish Nemadactylus macropterus
John dory Deepwater & Arctic Zeus faber
Kahawai Freshwater & Diadromous Arripis trutta
Kahawai Freshwater & Diadromous Arripis xylabion
Kina Other Invertebrates Evechinus chloroticus
King crab Crustaceans (e.g., Lobster & Shrimp) Lithodes murrayi
King crab Crustaceans (e.g., Lobster & Shrimp) Neolithodes brodiei
Kingfish Finfish - Pelagic Seriola lalandi
Knobbed whelk Molluscs (e.g., Clams & Squid) Austrofusus glans
Large trough shell Molluscs (e.g., Clams & Squid) Mactra murchisoni
Leatherjacket Finfish - Benthic, Demersal, Groundfish Parika scaber
Ling Finfish - Benthic, Demersal, Groundfish Genypterus blacodes
Lookdown dory Deepwater & Arctic Cyttus traversi
Mako shark Chondrichthyes (e.g., Sharks & Rays) Isurus oxyrinchus
Moonfish Finfish - Pelagic Lampris guttatus
Orange roughy Deepwater & Arctic Hoplostethus atlanticus
Pacific bluefin tuna Finfish - Pelagic Thunnus orientalis
Packhorse rock lobster Crustaceans (e.g., Lobster & Shrimp) Sagmariasus verreauxi
Paddle crab Crustaceans (e.g., Lobster & Shrimp) Ovalipes catharus
Pale ghost shark Chondrichthyes (e.g., Sharks & Rays) Hydrolagus bemisi
Parore Finfish - Reef Girella tricuspidata
Paua Molluscs (e.g., Clams & Squid) Haliotis australis
Paua Molluscs (e.g., Clams & Squid) Haliotis iris
Pink snapper Finfish - Reef Pagrus auratus
Pipi Molluscs (e.g., Clams & Squid) Paphies australis
Porae Finfish - Benthic, Demersal, Groundfish Nemadactylus douglasii
Porbeagle shark Chondrichthyes (e.g., Sharks & Rays) Lamna nasus
Prawn killer Crustaceans (e.g., Lobster & Shrimp) Ibacus alticrenatus
Queen scallop Molluscs (e.g., Clams & Squid) Zygochlamys delicatula
Ray's bream Deepwater & Arctic, Highly Migratory Species Brama brama
Red cod Finfish - Benthic, Demersal, Groundfish Pseudophycis bachus
Red crab Crustaceans (e.g., Lobster & Shrimp) Chaceon bicolour
Red gurnard Finfish - Benthic, Demersal, Groundfish Chelidonichthys kumu
Red snapper Finfish - Benthic, Demersal, Groundfish Centroberyx affinis
Ribaldo cod Finfish - Benthic, Demersal, Groundfish Mora moro
Rig Chondrichthyes (e.g., Sharks & Rays) Mustelus lenticulatus
Ringed dosinia Molluscs (e.g., Clams & Squid) Dosinia anus
Rock lobster Crustaceans (e.g., Lobster & Shrimp) Jasus edwardsii
Rough skate Chondrichthyes (e.g., Sharks & Rays) Dipturus nasutus
Rubyfish Deepwater & Arctic Plagiogeneion rubiginosum
Sardine Finfish - Pelagic Sardinops sagax
Scallop Molluscs (e.g., Clams & Squid) Pecten fumatus
Scallop Molluscs (e.g., Clams & Squid) Pecten modestus
Scallop Molluscs (e.g., Clams & Squid) Pecten novaezelandiae
Scampi Crustaceans (e.g., Lobster & Shrimp) Metanephrops challengeri
School shark Chondrichthyes (e.g., Sharks & Rays) Galeorhinus galeus
Sea cucumber Other Invertebrates Stichopus mollis
Sea perch Finfish - Benthic, Demersal, Groundfish Helicolenus percoides
Silky dosinia Molluscs (e.g., Clams & Squid) Dosinia lambata
Silver warehau Finfish - Benthic, Demersal, Groundfish Seriolella punctata
Smooth oreo dory Deepwater & Arctic Pseudocyttus maculatus
Smooth skate Chondrichthyes (e.g., Sharks & Rays) Dipturus innominatus
Southern blue whiting Finfish - Benthic, Demersal, Groundfish Micromesistius australis
Southern bluefin tuna Finfish - Pelagic, Highly Migratory Species Thunnus maccoyii
Spiny dogfish Finfish - Benthic, Demersal, Groundfish, Chondrichthyes (e.g., Sharks & Rays), Highly Migratory Species Squalus acanthias
Sprat Finfish - Pelagic Sprattus antipodum
Sprat Finfish - Pelagic Sprattus muelleri
Stargazer Finfish - Benthic, Demersal, Groundfish Kathetostoma giganteum
Swordfish Finfish - Pelagic, Highly Migratory Species Xiphias gladius
Trevally Finfish - Reef Pseudocaranx dentex
Triangle shell Molluscs (e.g., Clams & Squid) Spisula aequilatera
Trough shell Molluscs (e.g., Clams & Squid) Mactra discors
Trumpeter Finfish - Reef Latris lineata
Tuatua Molluscs (e.g., Clams & Squid) Paphies subtriangulata
White warehau Finfish - Benthic, Demersal, Groundfish Seriolella caerulea
Wreckfish Finfish - Reef Polyprion americanus
Yellow-eyed mullet Freshwater & Diadromous Aldrichetta forsteri
Yellowfin tuna Finfish - Pelagic, Highly Migratory Species Thunnus albacares
Fishing Mortality Control: 
Total Allowable Catch
Program Attributes
Approach: 
Quota-Based
Program Type: 
Individual Transferable Quota (ITQ)
Species: 
Multi-species
Number of species: 
117
Marine or Freshwater: 
Marine
Fishing Rights Holder: 
Individual, Group
Tenure of Shares: 
Perpetuity/Assumption of Perpetuity
Secure: 
Yes
Transferable: 
Yes
Monitoring Requirements: 
Logbooks
Gear Type: 
Dredge, Gillnet, Hand Collection, Hook and Line, Pot or Trap, Seine, Trawl
Participation
Initial Allocation Method: 
Unknown