Enhance international cooperation

Because fish stocks will increasingly change in their distribution patterns, in some cases moving in search of more suitable thermal habitat, the geographic scale of fishery management must change as well in order to manage stocks sustainably across their new ranges. This, in turn, will require greater degrees of subnational and international governmental cooperation and flexibility.

Supporting Case Study

The Parties to the Nauru Agreement (PNA) is an example of an agreement that has come together among like-minded countries to collectively manage South Pacific tuna resources. By combining their collective EEZs, the PNA countries are able to cover enough geographic scale to effectively manage shared resources. Many of the conditions underpinning this agreement are consistent with principles of collective action, such as shared experiences, leadership, common goals and enhanced compliance. In addition, the way in which harvest opportunities are shared among countries appears to be somewhat durable to geographic change of stocks, with access opportunities changing over time in response to changes to where fishing activity is concentrated.

Learn more here: How can building and strengthening international institutions help achieve climate resilient fisheries?

Important factors in fostering international cooperation

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